The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulation and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries[9] and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202. [10] The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242[11] and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On the 22nd. In October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government was published as a first step in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to find the necessary support and announced his intention to call a general election.

[12] On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement. On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the Withdrawal Agreement. It was then finalised by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. On October 22, 2019, the House of Commons voted by 329 votes to 299 to grant the revised Withdrawal Agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) at second reading, but when the accelerated timetable he proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be suspended. [38] [12] The UK government and the other 27 EU Member States approve the draft agreement. On 22nd October the British Parliament agreed to review the Brexit legislation. But he decided it needed longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. This means that a withdrawal with an agreement on the scheduled Brexit date of 31 October is no longer possible. The Brexit deal will not come into force until the Brexit law is passed by the UK Parliament. The new relationship between the EU and the UK will start if an agreement has been reached that has been approved by EU member states, the European Parliament and the UK Parliament. The most important elements of the draft agreement are:[21] The new relationship will only become clear when negotiations are concluded at the end of the transition period.

The new agreements will enter into force after the transition period, which ends on 31 December 2020. .