Democratic candidate Joe Biden said that if elected president, he would reinstate the Paris accord early in his presidency. The United States could become a party to the Paris Agreement 30 days after the official information of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The country is then expected to present a new commitment to reduce emissions by 2030. Others say the U.S. withdrawal is due in part to the Obama administration`s inability to have the U.S. Senate ratify the Paris agreement. The agreement also provided for a framework for assessing progress made every five years. This would allow governments to ideally change their obligations, called national contributions or NDCs, by making them more ambitious with lower technological costs, but also, if necessary, by reducing them without penalty. Although the United States played an important role in the development of the climate agreement, it will be the only one of the 200 parties to withdraw from the pact. «It`s really hard to imagine other countries being strengthened in terms of ambition and leadership to solve the climate crisis if the United States somehow breaks away from this agreement,» Moore said. In the year he took office, Trump announced his intention to withdraw from the agreement, calling the U.S. promise of a «massive redistribution of U.S. wealth» that «undermines our economy, cripples our workers, weakens our sovereignty and] imposes an unacceptable legal risk.» At the same time, a series of economic analyses raise the question of whether the withdrawal of the agreement will create jobs.
According to some economists, job protection in the oil, gas and coal industries could come at the cost of investments in clean energy industries, which could ultimately provide more jobs in the long run. His view on the Paris agreement was that it was unfair to the United States, so countries like India and China were free to use fossil fuels while the United States had to reduce its carbon. The United States is the world`s second largest emitter, behind China, and its promised emission reductions accounted for about 20% of the global reductions under the agreement. U.S. European allies campaigned against the U.S. exit from the agreement, saying it would weaken their enforcement measures and undermine other countries` determination to make their own dark cuts. They fear that a decline in the world`s largest economy will prevent efforts already made to mitigate climate change that is causing significant damage to the coasts.