IFOR will have the right to monitor and ensure compliance with the agreement on military aspects and to carry out certain support missions. IFOR will have the right to carry out its mission vigorously, including, if necessary, by force. It will have freedom of movement, control of airspace and protection of the armed forces. The transition from NATO to the EU force has not had a significant political impact in Bosnia. During the planning phase of EUFOR, Bosnian government officials accepted the concept of a European monitoring force, while stressing the need to continue the presence of NATO and the United States. Bosnian officials often point to the crucial role played by American leaders in ending the Bosnian war in 1995, particularly following the failure of UN peacekeeping missions (mainly European armed forces) during the Bosnian war. Full implementation of the civil aspects of the peace agreement is essential for a lasting peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. By continuing to implement the military aspects of the GFAP, NATO is helping to ensure a safe environment for civilian and political reconstruction. The civil aspects of the agreement are implemented by appropriate international organizations, under the coordination of the High Representative. Given the importance of the civil aspects of the peace agreement, SFOR continues to support civilian missions. However, as there were fewer forces available, SFOR had to prioritize its efforts and carefully choose where they should be applied. To be effective, SFOR and other organizations will continue to plan and identify common goals to ensure that SFOR assistance is used where and when it is needed.

Institutions and organizations implementing the civilian aspects of the peace agreement include the Office of the High Representative (OHR), the United Nations International Police Force (UNIPTF), the European Union Police Mission (EUMP), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICC). Many other intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations also play an important role. Under the leadership of the North Atlantic Council, SFOR provided a safe environment for the October 1998 national elections, the 1997 and April 2000 municipal elections, the special elections in Republika Srpska in 1997 and the November 2000 parliamentary elections. It also helped the OSCE prepare and organize these elections. SFOR will continue to assist the OSCE in assisting the parties in implementing the Trust and Security Agreement and the Sub-Regional Arms Control Convention.